Date rape drugs testing

GHB, Rohypnol, Ketamine

Party life is exciting but please remember that not everyone is out there for a good time.

Victims have had drugs unsuspectingly slipped into their drinks at bars, clubs and parties for the purpose of reducing their resistance to sexual advances.

Once the individual is incapacitated they are then sexually assaulted. Left in a helpless or unconscious state, they can't escape, resist, or call for help.

It is also not unusual for teens and university students to mix these drugs purposefully with alcohol to get a faster and better "high". This can be a very deadly combination.

DO NOT mix these or any drugs with alcohol!

What is Date-Rape?
Date rape also occurs when one person forces another person to have sex. This crime is also a felony offense. The difference between rape and date rape is that in cases of date rape, the victim agreed to spend time with the attacker. Perhaps the victim even went out with the attacker more than once. Sexual assault is any type of sexual activity that a person does not agree to. It can include touching that is not okay; sexual intercourse; rape; and attempted rape.

Common Date-Rape Drugs
“Date Rape” drugs are hypnotics, sedatives and other types of medications that cause a person to have lapses in memory; loss of motor control, consciousness and/or inhibitions; and slurred speech. When mixed with alcohol, the affect of these drugs intensify. These are drugs that are sometimes used to assist a sexual assault. These Drugs Are Powerful And Dangerous. They can be slipped into your drink when you are not looking. The drugs often have no color, smell, or taste, so you can't tell if you are being drugged. The drugs can make you become weak and confused — or even pass out — so that you are unable to refuse sex or defend yourself. If you are drugged, you might not remember what happened while you were drugged.
Rohypnol
Rohypnol (pronounced row-hip-nol) is a strong sedative which is similar to the drug Valium, but is 10 times stronger than Valium. The pill is similar in shape, size and color to aspirin. Rohypnol is a small white tablet that is single or cross-scored on one side and has the word "Roche" on the other side. It also has a circled numeral 1 or 2 on it.

Drug street names change all the time, but it is often known as: "roofies", "rophies", "roche", "rope", "R2", and "Trip-and-Fall".

Rohypnol dissolves easily in juice, coffee, carbonated and alcoholic beverages. It is colorless, odorless, and tasteless when dissolved in any liquid. The effects of this drug are enhanced when mixed with alcohol -- causing sedation, loss of a inhibitions, relaxation, blackouts and amnesia. It can also cause respiratory depression, coma and even death. The drug takes effect after about 20 to 30 minutes and effects may last as long as 8 to 12 hours. When combined with alcohol, Rohypnol causes severe disorientation and the classic "blackouts" that it is known for. Blackout periods are typically 8 to 12 hours long. The victim may or may not appear "awake" during this time. This drug is especially dangerous because it is so inexpensive.

One tablet can cost anywhere from $1 to $5. The drug's amnesiac effects usually leaves the victim with little or no memory of any assault.
GHB
GHB is Gamma Hydroxy Butrate. It is a powerful synthetic drug that acts as a depressant on the central nervous system. It is a newer drug to the streets than Rohypnol. GHB is an illegally manufactured drug, so it is very dangerous since it is made by "kitchen chemists" and there is NO quality control like with an FDA approved drug. Its effects can be felt within 15 minutes after ingestion. It is used the same way someone will use Rohypnol on an unknowing victim.

GHB is usually found in liquid form that is colorless and odorless, and has no taste when mixed in a drink or water. Sometimes there is a salty aftertaste, depending on how it was produced. Since the actual amount of GHB is unknown, the risk of toxic effect is great.

It was originally developed as a weight loss and body building drug until it was banned due to the extreme side effects and became known as a date rape drug.
Ketamine
Ketamine is a legal drug sold as a veterinary sedative or hospital grade anesthesia and goes by the brand names Ketaset® or Ketalar®). It is in the same family of drugs as PCP (phencyclidine). When used in humans the drug acts as a dissociative anesthesia; it renders the user vaguely aware of, but comfortably detached from, all bodily sensations.

In undiluted form it looks like an off-white powder, in diluted form it looks like slightly cloudy water.

How quickly it acts and how long it remains in the system depends on how it is ingested. When taken orally or nasally the effects take 10 - 20 minutes to be realized. When taken intravenously the effects are instantaneous. The effects last less than 3 hours and the drug is detectable in the system up to 48 hours depending on the method of ingestion. Since it is often mixed with other mind-altering drugs, like heroin and cocaine, many people do not ever realize they have been given this substance.
What We Can Test?
Blood (recent ingestion)
Urine (up to 5 days after the incident)
Hair (collected 10 - 14 days after the incident minimum)
Suspected glass or container in which the alleged drug was placed

Comprehensive Date Rape Panel:
Barbiturate Drug Class: Amorbarbital, Pentobarbital, Secobarbital, Butalbital, Phenobarbital
Benzodiazepine Drug Class: Alprazolam, Diazepam, Lorazepam, Temazepam, Clonazepam, Flunitrazepam (Rohypnol) Oxazepam, Nitrazepam
GHB
Hallucinogen Drug Class: PCP, MDA, MDMA, MDEA
Illicit Drugs: THC, Amphetamines, Cocaine, Methamphetamines
Muscle Relaxant Drugs: Carisoprodol, Cyclobenzaprine, Meprobamate, Methocarbamol
Opioid Drug Class: Codeine, Hydrocodone, Oxycodone, Meperidine, Methadone, Propoxphene, Morphine, Hydromorphone, Oxymorphone, Tramadol, Fentanyl, Buprenorphine
Over-The-Counter Drug Class: Diphenhydramine, Doxylamine, Brompheniramine, Pheniramine, Dextromethorphan, Chlorpheniramine, Promethazine
Sedative/Hypnotic Drug Class: Ketamine, Zolpidem, Zolpiclone


You Can Protect Yourself
•Don't accept open drinks from other people.
•Open drink containers yourself.
•Keep your drink with you at all times, even when you go to the bathroom.
•Don't share drinks.
•Don't drink from punch bowls or other common, open containers. They may already have drugs in them.
•If someone offers to get you a drink from a bar or at a party, go with the person to order your drink. Watch the drink being poured and carry it yourself.
•Don't drink anything that tastes or smells strange.
•Have a nondrinking friend with you to make sure nothing happens.
•If you realize you left your drink unattended, get e new one. Don't drink it.
•If you feel drunk and haven't drunk any alcohol — or, if you feel like the effects of drinking alcohol are stronger than usual — ask for help.
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